The Kings County Agricultural Society formed in 1789 and is the second oldest agricultural society in North America. The Society's mission was for "the better improvement of Husbandry, encouragement of Manufactories, cultivation of social Virtue, acquirement of useful Knowledge and to promote the good Order and Well Being of the Community to which we belong." In keeping with their mandate, the Society's activities included appointing inspectors for beef cattle, testing new crops, experimenting in new fertilization methods, holding fairs, establishing Sunday school, building a library collection, and making social reform recommendations. The minute books and accounts cover 1789-1907 and contain financial information and correspondence and the articles of association. Some of the minute books have an index. The text of the Minister of Agriculture's speech from 1939 is included in the records.