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Sherman Bleakney

Description
Dr. J. Sherman Bleakney graduated from Acadia with a B.Sc. (1949) and a M.Sc. (1951); he graduated from McGill with a Ph.D. (1956). In 1957, he returned to the Biology Department at Acadia as a professor of Zoology, taking a position vacated by the retirement of Dr. H.G. Perry. Bleakney worked with Robie Tufts and Harrison Flint Lewis in the Biology Department. In 1987, he received the Alumni Award for Teaching Excellence. He retired in 1988 but continued to work closely with Acadia as a University Fellow from 1988 to 1993. Bleakney is noted for this book on sea slugs, entitled "Sea Slugs of Atlantic Canada and the Gulf of Maine", and for his book on dykes and marshlands, entitled "Sods, Soil, and Spades".

The entire fonds represents the great amount of research and writing done by Bleakney both during and after his academic career. Much of the fonds is accumulated research material, historical and recent, that formed the basis for the book "Sods, Soil and Spades: The Acadians at Grand Pré and Their Dykeland Legacy", published by McGill-Queen's University Press, 2004.
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Sherman Bleakney

Image
Dates: 1945 to 2012
Collection: Sherman Bleakney, Archival Catalogue
Type: finding aid

Aboiteau and marsh at Houston Beach

Image
Dates: 1999
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken of an aboiteau and marsh at Houston Beach, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "overview of outer and inner dyke walls and sites of two aboiteaux." Second photo: "posts were part of older dyke wall, aboiteau was built behind it, is a newer wall set farther back in the marsh." Third photo: "upstream end of sluice box."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/22
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Aboiteau and marsh at Houston Beach

Image
Dates: 1999
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken of an aboiteau and marsh at Houston Beach, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "most recent aboiteau in secondary dyke, note use of sapling." Second photo: "posts were part of the oldest dyke wall." Third photo: "remnants of old aboiteau."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/22
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Aboiteau and old sluice

Image
Dates: 2003
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken of an aboiteau and old sluice at Houston Beach, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "site #4 - old sluice, note crossed tie down stakes. Are timbers drilled all the way through?" Second photo: "downstream from sluice #1." Third photo: "site #4 - old sluice box (where Acadian period glass was found)."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/22
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Aboiteau and old sluice

Image
Dates: 2003
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken of an aboiteau and old sluice at Houston Beach, N.S. in the winter. Inscriptions - First photo: "location of the old sluice box and brush wall - is encased and buried by ice." Second photo: ""aboiteaux creek" to right of French Glass site." Third photo: "from top of sand bank and ice - creeke - French Glass site and sluice at extreme… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/22
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Aboiteau and old sluice

Image
Dates: 2002
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken of an aboiteau and old sluice at Houston Beach, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "old sluice - outflow opening." Second photo: "old sluice box, clapped iton straps and one plank in gate." Third photo: "sluice hinge, old dyke, Houston Beach, N.S."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/22
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Aboiteau construction

Image
Dates: unspecified year in 199X
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Sketches of aboiteau construction, likely done by Sherman Bleakney.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/015
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: technical drawing

Aboiteau, old sluice and marsh

Image
Dates: 2002
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken of an aboiteau, old sluice and marsh at Houston Beach, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: old sluice - functioning, intake. Second photo: brush in aboiteau wall. Third photo: Houston Beach marsh, old aboiteau.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/22
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Avon River and Oak Island

Image
Dates: 1978
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two black and white aerial photograph of the Avon River and Oak Island, N.S. Inscription - "looking west"
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Avonport Lighthouse

Image
Dates: 1978
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Four black and white aerial photographs of the Avonport Lighthouse.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Beach plants

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of beach plants from the west end of Long Island. Varieties include: Spartina Pectinata (tall grass), scirpus maritumis and scirpus americanus. Inscriptions - First photo: "plants from beach at west end Long Island, Grand Pre." Second photo: "Spartina Pectinata (tall grass), scirpus maritumis (has corms) and scirpus americanus (thick rhizomes). 3 Major plant… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Black Landing

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two photos of Horton Landing or "Black Landing," the site of the Acadian expulsion in Hortonville, Nova Scotia. Photos depict blue-black shale bedrock outcrop. Inscription - "Hortonville, Horton Landing alias Black Landing, Kings Co. Nova Scotia, Note: extensive blue-black shale bedrock outcrop just beneath surface silts layer. S. Bleakney, Aug 2000. "And here in Horton, so… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/14
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Break in the Wolfville Dyke

Image
Dates: March 1931, October 30, 1931
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three black and white photographs of the Wolfville Dyke. First photo shows a break in the Wolfville Dyke in 1931. Second photo shows the road to Wolfville Light flooded in 1931. The third photo is of the flooded road to the Government Wharf in Wolfville in 1913.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/016
Creator: Graham, Edson, 1869-1956
Type: photograph

Breaks in Dyke and flooding in Wolfville

Image
Dates: 1913
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three black and white photographs of the Wolfville Dyke. First photo shows a break in the dyke in 1913. The second photo shows the flooding of the dyke in 1913. The third photo shows the road to the Government Wharf flooded in 1913.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/16
Creator: Graham, Edson, 1869-1956
Type: photograph

Broken Wickwire Dyke

Image
Dates: 1931 (year approximate)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Four black and white aerial photographs from 1931. First and second photos have Acadia University in the foreground and the broken Wickwire Dyke after a storm on March 4 1931. Third photo is of Grand Pre, N.S. Fourth photo is of likely of the Grand Pre area. Inscriptions - "Air photos 347, 340"
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/16
Creator: McCully, R.T., (19-- - 1974?)
Type: photograph

Chart of dyking sods at West Long Island, Grand Pre

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Chart of dyking sods at West Long Island, Grand Pre from June to July 2000. Includes a comparison between black grass and salt meadow hay, their field weight, weight after they were air dried and total amount of water each sod held.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/9
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Dead dyke wall at Deportation Creek

Image
Dates: unspecified year in 199X
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two photographs and three maps of the "Dead Dyke" at "Deportation Creek" on the Grand Pre marshlands, Nova Scotia. Includes notes about the Acadian dykes by Sherman Bleakney and lot numbers of the Dead Dyke area in Horton.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/014
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Description/sketches of the marsh at Houston Beach

Image
Dates: 2002
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Description and sketches of the marsh at Houston Beach, N.S.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/22
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Dock at Black Landing

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two photos of Horton Landing or "Black Landing," the site of the Acadian expulsion in Hortonville, Nova Scotia. Photos depict a part of the dock at low tide, covered in sea vegetation.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/14
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Dr. J. Sherman Bleakney

Image
Dates: unspecified decade in 19XX
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Photograph of Professor Sherman Bleakney holding the bones of a sea turtle at Acadia University.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE
Type: photograph

Drainage patterns, maps and seros cycles

Image
Dates: 1997
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: General Comments and Queries on the Grand Pre Acadian Dykelands compiled by Sherman Bleakney. Also includes: a Grand Pre Map with drainage patterns, comments on tidal creek drainage patterns on his 1994 base map, and a table of seros cycles.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/4
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Drawings of staddles

Image
Dates: 1999
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Several drawings of staddles and their posts with measurements and labels of the parts.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/9
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Dykes, shore, and erosion

Image
Dates: unspecified decade in 19XX
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: An aerial photo that has been written on by Sherman Bleakney. Indicates 1760 shoreline, 1808, 1952, 1988 dykes, a lighthouse, old wharf, and erosion in 1955.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/16
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Dyking procedures

Image
Dates: 1998
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Memo from Sherman Bleakney about his calculations of Acadian dyking procedures at Grand Pre to "Those who may not have noticed yet." Includes a descriptive note, a table of calculations and calculations of work days needed for the constructions of the dykes.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/4
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Dyking spades

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three photos of dyking spades and a want ad that requests dyking spades for examination and photographing.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/11
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Dyking spades from Birmingham, England and Sackville, N.B.

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured and labelled photos of dyking spades from Birmingham, England and Sackville, N.B. Inscription - First photo: "Lewis Millett's spade, made in New Brunswick by Charles Siddal, blacksmith." Second photo: "Lewis Millett old spade, New Minas, N.S." Third photo: "upper is a C.AD.S made spade, belong to Lewis Millett, New Minas, N.S. Lower is a Birmingham… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/18
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Dyking spades from East La Havre

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured and labelled photos of dyking spades from East La Havre, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "East La Havre, Robin Wyllie = collector, found in Kings County 20 years ago." Second photo: "East La Havre, Robin Wyllie = collector, both spades from Kentville area 20 some years ago." Third photo: "East La Havre, Robin Wyllie = collector, found in Kings County 20… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/18
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

East end Evangeline Beach

Image
Dates: 1997
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of the east end of Evangeline Beach, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "the site of the old dyke and aboiteau from the 1760's." Second photo: "the hand-cut sods of an old dyke in the 1760's or earlier Acadian." Third photo: "base of an old dyke, Planter or Acadian, possibly pre 1759 Acadian re-built by Planters."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

East end of Long Island

Image
Dates: 1997
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken at the east end of Long Island, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: " east end of Long Island, Grand Pre, N.S. base of old Planters dyke that broke in 1944. What is fresh layer to north of dyke? Note iron rod at right center, part of plank facing, construction - deadman the rod." Second photo: "N.E. Grand Pre - Long Island tidal marsh - old Planters dyke -… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

East end of Long Island

Image
Dates: 1997
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken at the east end of Long Island, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "east end of Long Island, Grand Pre, N.S. base of old Planters dyke" Second photo: "old Planters dyke lost in 1944. east end section." Third photo: "N.E. Grand Pre, Long Island, What is this row of poles?"
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

East end of N.E. Grand Pre

Image
Dates: 1999
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken at the east end of N.E. Grand Pre, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "N.E. Grand Pre, old dyke wall, sod 12x12, exposed horizontal surface." Second photo: "N.E. Grand Pre, old dyke wall, in section, at east end." Third photo: "old dyke wall at east end"
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Email about marsh soils / access to marsh maps

Image
Dates: 2001
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: An email to Hank Kolstee from Sherman Bleakney regarding marsh soils and access to large marsh maps.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/6
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Erosion prevention along Evangeline Beach

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of homes along Evangeline Beach. Photos show different piles of rocks in front of yards possibly built to try and prevent erosion.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Erosion progression near the guzzle

Image
Dates: 1999
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three maps and an aerial photograph of the Grand Pre region depicting The Guzzle, Boot Island and Oak Island in 1760, 1911, 1928, 1963. Shows the progression of erosion from 1760-1963 near the guzzle.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/14
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Evangeline Beach

Image
Dates: 1978
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three black and white aerial photographs of Evangeline Beach.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Evangeline beach and preserved stumps

Image
Dates: unspecified decade in 19XX
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three photos of a man on a beach 1 mile west of hotel at Evangeline Beach with an old preserved stump. Inscription - "Stump 1 mile west of hotel, Evangeline Beach"
Accession Number: 1990.005-BLE/7
Type: photograph

Exposed Acadian aboiteau at the Grand Pre Dykelands (1994)

Image
Dates: 1994
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Report compiled by Sherman Bleakney. Includes a description and discussion of a log aboiteau found by Nancy and Sherman Bleakney near the guzzle in Grand Pre. Recommendations for the excavation site are noted. Also included is a summary and chart of the survey conducted in August, 1994.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/4
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Field trip report on the Wolfville Harbour ship wreck

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A report about a field trip on 27 September, 2000 to Wolfville Harbour ship wreck. The report includes a description of the purpose, location, procedures used, site, fastenings, scantlings, artifacts and the security of the site. Also included is a topographical map indicating where the wreck is located and a labelled sketch of the wreck.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/7
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Flooded Port Williams dyke and road

Image
Dates: 1914
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A black and white photograph of the flooded Port Williams Dyke and Road. Inscription - "Dyke broken at left of photo."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/16
Creator: Graham, Edson, 1869-1956
Type: photograph

Flora on the Kingsport tidal marsh

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of the Kingsport tidal marsh showing flora. Inscriptions - First photo: "sod grasses, and possible sod pit." Second photo: "various grasses, sedges, bulrush, etc." Third photo: "David Herbin, west end Long Island, sods 4x4x10.5, Juncus Gerardis - black grass"
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Gaspereau River

Image
Dates: 1992
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two copied maps, from 1760 and 1928, and an aerial photo of Black Landing (Horton Landing). The change in the width of the Gaspereau River is very noticeable. Inscription - "Hortonville, N.S., 1992, SWCOR 92302-51, 92-06-18, 21H-1, 1:10,000"
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/14
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: map

Geological / biological graph of soil layers in south bank of Cornwallis River

Image
Dates: 1983
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A geological and biological graph of a section of the south bank of the Cornwallis River, east of the Wolfville Harbour in Nova Scotia. Includes a geological column indicating the layers and depth of the soil and a description of the area and soil layers.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/7
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Grass roots

Image
Dates: 2001
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Black and white photographs taken under a scanning electron microscope of various marsh roots, including S. Alterniflora, Spartina Patens, Juncus Gerardi, and stones in 2001. Also includes a page of sketches and descriptions of marsh roots.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/17
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Guzzle

Image
Dates: 1978 (year uncertain)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three colored aerial photographs of the guzzle in the Minas Basin near Grand Pre.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Guzzle area

Image
Dates: unspecified decade in 19XX
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: One photo of "the guzzle" (channel between Long Island and Boot Island) at low tide. Inscription - "The Guzzle"
Accession Number: 1990.005-BLE/7
Type: photograph

Guzzle area and exposed forest

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken in Grand Pre, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "Guzzle creek south of Little Island, Grand Pre." Second photo: "area of old forest (800-1000 years??) at the guzzle, Grand Pre, N.S. Roots are in upland soil, fallen tree trunks are in marine deposits." Third photo: "recently exposed forest in the guzzle at N.E. Grand Pre, N.S."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Guzzle at Grand Pre

Image
Dates: 1979 (year approximate)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A coloured aerial photograph of the guzzle at Grand Pre. Inscription: "Barnacle rocks at oyster site, 1979."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Harrow, hay, ditching and barn manure forks from Upper Falmouth

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two coloured photos of harrow forks, hay forks, ditching forks, and barn manure forks from James Eldridge's farm in Upper Falmouth. Inscriptions - First photo: "1. "harrow" fork for breaking up ground around stumps of newly cleared land in order to plant oats. 2. hayfork. 3. ditching fork, for clearing drain ditches, and for hauling/clawing sods from ditches being cut by other… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/18
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Horse drags used in dyke construction

Image
Dates: November 2000, March 2001
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A description of horse drags, used in dyke construction, and their loads of sods. Included is a chart of the estimates of loads of sods on a horse drags and a diagram of a horse drag.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/011
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Horse tidal marsh clogs from Kings County

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of horse tidal marsh clogs from Kings County. Inscriptions - First photo: "horse tidal marsh clogs, somewhat complex system of tightening, Marshall Rand, Delhaven, N.S." Second photo: "horse marsh clogs, Jon Rand, Wellington Dyke Road, N.S." Third photo: "horse tidal marsh clogs, Jon Rand, Wellington Dyke Road, N.S."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/18
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Horton Landing

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of blue-black shale at Horton Landing.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/22
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Horton Landing wharf

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of the wharf covered in vegetation at Horton Landing. Inscriptions - First photo: "original wharf? When built? First deck layer of logs at top. "New section" added at right (north side)." Second photo: "on shale outcrop." Third photo: "preserved log layer for original deck; now below line by 8 feet or more."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/22
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Intertidal shale beds near Mill Cove

Image
Dates: 1978 (year approximate)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A black and white aerial photograph of the intertidal shale beds near Mill Cove, N.S.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Jonathan Crane : On dyking

Image
Dates: unspecified year in 199X
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: An essay entitled "Crane, Jonathan: On Dyking" for the Acadian Recorder. Included is a summary of Crane's qualifications, the construction of access roads, aboiteau and sluice, sluice construction, incorporation of brush during construction, work teams and organization, the construction of the running dykes and repairs, blocking sluices and cross-connecting canals. Also included… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/015
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Kingsport Wharf

Image
Dates: 1978 (year uncertain)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A black and white aerial photograph of Kingsport Wharf.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Labeled drawings of a dyking spade

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A traced drawing of a dyking spade. The parts of the spade are labelled.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/11
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Limiting environmental factors in Canada which effect amphibians and reptiles

Image
Dates: 1951
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A speech about reptiles and amphibians in Nova Scotia given in a Biology Seminar by Sherman Bleakney in 1951. In the speech Bleakney discusses the collection of reptiles and amphibians at Acadia, the many different species in Nova Scotia, and their behaviors and habitat.
Accession Number: 1990.005-BLE/4
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Locations of clam shells in the Wolfville harbour

Image
Dates: unspecified year in 199X (year uncertain)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Overlay sketches of the Wolfville harbour region in 1959 and 1973, taken from an aerial photograph, that indicate where 750 year old clams were located.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/007
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Luminaria in the Minas Basin

Image
Dates: 1978
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A sketch of the Minas Basin west of Blomidon and a coloured aerial photograph of Luminaria in the Minas Basin.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Marsh grass and soil samples

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two coloured photos of marsh grass and soil samples. Varieties include: Juncus Gerardi (black grass) Salt Meadow Hay and S. Patens. Inscription: "Samples from Grand Pre and Wolfville."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Marsh grass samples

Image
Dates: 2000 (year uncertain)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of marsh grass samples. Varieties include: Juncus Gerardi, Salt Meadow Hay and S. Patens. Note: Samples likely from Grand Pre and Wolfville
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Marsh grass samples

Image
Dates: 2000 (year uncertain)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two coloured photos of both wet and dried marsh grass samples. Varieties include: Juncus Gerardi (black grass) Salt Meadow Hay and S. Patens. Note: Samples likely from Grand Pre and Wolfville.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Marsh grass samples

Image
Dates: July 2000 (year and month uncertain)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of marsh grass samples. Varieties include: Juncus Gerardi, Salt Meadow Hay and S. Patens. Note: Samples likely from Grand Pre and Wolfville
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Marsh grass west of Long Island

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of marsh grass taken west of Long Island, Grand Pre, N.S.. Inscriptions - First photo: "Carex Paleacea - marsh sedge - West Long Island, Grand Pre" Second photo: "West end Long Island - Juncus Gerarde - black grass - bl. rush" Third photo: "David Herbin, Juncus Gerardi - black grass - cutting and weighing sods."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Marsh plants

Image
Dates: 1999
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of marsh plants in Kings County. Varieties include: Salicornia, Glasswort, Sea Lavender and Plantain (Plantago Juncoides). Inscriptions - First photo: "Salicornia - glasswort at base of dyke wall north of Cherry Lane, Wolfville, N.S." Second photo: "high water strand line, dyke wall north of Cherry Lane, Wolfville, and south of town plot site, Starrs Point, N.… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/19
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Marsh plants

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of marsh plants in the Wolfville marsh. Varieties include: S.alterniflora, distichlis, Salicornia europaea.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/19
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Marsh turf

Image
Dates: 2002
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken of marsh turf samples in N.E. Grand Pre, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "the 3 wedge sample have been washed, squeezed, sieved and screened." Second Photo: "samples from extreme N.E. corner of Grand Pre - #2 had more roots." Third photo: "eroded marsh turf with roots hundred of years old."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Marsh turf

Image
Dates: 2002
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two coloured photos of marsh turf in N.E. Grand Pre, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "marsh turf samples taken - bread knife for scale - Lowest grey layer is upland soil with stones, twigs, and tree roots." Second photo: "softer wide band; lower edge at top of photo, root rich layer extending beneath it."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Mega tidal evolution, rising sea levels, entombment of biota

Image
Dates: 1981
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Documents from a conference on the Dynamics of Turbid Coastal Environments at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Nova Scotia in 1981. Sherman Bleakney presented on the Mega tidal evolution and Rising Sea Levels and Entombment of Biota in the Minas Basin. Includes a brief history, a summary of C14 turbidity surveys of Grand Pre and a topographic map of the Minas Basin.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/10
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Mill Cove wharf in Lower Blomidon

Image
Dates: 1978 (year approximate)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A black and white aerial photograph of the Mill Cove Wharf at Lower Blomidon, N.S.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Minas Basin

Image
Dates: 1978
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Fifteen coloured aerial photographs of the Minas basin region.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Minas Basin

Image
Dates: 1978 (year approximate)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three black and white aerial photographs of Minas Basin. First photo is west of Blomidon at low water at 8:40am. Second photo is at the mouth of Pereau Creek from 500' altitude that shows Laminaria. Third photograph is of Lyon's Cove in Kings County that shows Laminaria.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Minas Basin

Image
Dates: 1978 (year uncertain)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A coloured aerial photograph of southwest Minas basin.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Minas Basin shoreline from Grand Pre area

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of Minas Basin shoreline from Grand Pre area. Inscriptions - First photo: "Old Palmeter Dyke" Second photo: "black 'onion layers' old Palmeter dyke area, Grand Pre." Third photo: "Old Palmeter dyke, Grand Pre."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Monthly/annual graphs of low tide & minus tides (Bay of Fundy) 1899-1998

Image
Dates: 1998
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A table of the monthly and annual summaries of low tide and minus tides in the Bay of Fundy for the years 1899-1998. Includes a graph of the number of low tides below 1.1 ft. Datum.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/10
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

N.E. Grand Pre

Image
Dates: 2004
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken in N.E. Grand Pre, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "Boot Island - center left and N.E. Grand Pre emerging forest - buried in marsh." Second photo: "old forest in marsh - stumps and rip-rap rocks, North Mt. in background." Third photo: "east Evangeline Beach, emerging drowned forest."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

N.E. Grand Pre

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken in N.E. Grand Pre, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "new erosion cave and "cave in" has exposed a layer of wood chips; a work area outside of 1940's dyke (what purpose?)" Second photo: "area of old dykes from Long Island to Little Island. Row of Marsh Elder shrubs = old dyke wall??" Third photo: "new erosion just in front of old… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

N.E. Grand Pre

Image
Dates: 2001
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two coloured photos taken in N.E. Grand Pre, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "site where small ice block melted, car keys on stone." Second photo: "mud from melted ice block, care keys on small camera case for scale"
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

N.E. Grand Pre

Image
Dates: 2001
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken in N.E. Grand Pre, N.S. of sod pits. Inscriptions - First photo: "black onion scirpus maritimus layers." Second photo: "old sod pits." Third photo: "sod pits."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Notes on "Les Aboiteaux en Acadie"

Image
Dates: unspecified decade in 19XX
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Notes taken by Sherman Bleakney from Yves Cormier's book entitled "Les Aboiteaux en Acadie" regarding early European marshland exploration and dyke building in the Maritimes.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/11
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Observations on saltmarsh pools, Minas Basin, Nova Scotia 1965-1977

Image
Dates: 1979
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A booklet entitled "Observations on Saltmarsh Pools, Minas Basin, Nova Scotia 1965-1977," by Sherman Bleakney and Kaniaulono Bailey Meyer of the Department of Biology at Acadia University in Wolfville, Nova Scotia. It is a thorough examination of salt marshes in Kings County. Includes sections on: flora, materials and methods, results and discussion, fauna, phylum protozoa, phylum… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/10
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019, Meyer, Kaniaulono Bailey, 1945-
Type: textual record

Old dyke wall northeast Grand Pre

Image
Dates: 1942
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Black and white photo of old dyke wall taken at Northeast Grand Pre. Inscription - "Valuable photo of Planter dyke wall construction says archaeologists at N.S. Museum."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Old well on Little Island

Image
Dates: 2003
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos taken of an old well on Little Island in N.E. Grand Pre, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "old well at edge of shrubs." Second photo: "old well, inside drain 5 feet." Third photo: "old well"
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Paddle mallets from Kings County

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of paddle mallets from Kings County. Inscriptions - First photo: "Newport Landing Museum, Hants County, possibly a paddle mallet for compressing the sods on face of new dyke." Second photo: "Newport Landing Museum, Hants County, could be a mallet for packing face of new dyke; operator stands on top of dyke (Ellis Gertridge)." Third photo: "Newport… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/18
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Palmeter Dyke

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two coloured photos of the Palmeter Dyke taken in Grand Pre, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "Palmeter Dyke, layer of wood chips." Second photo: "layer of wood chips at soil-turf boundary - Palmeter Dyke area, erosion undercutting old dyke wall."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Pickett's Wharf

Image
Dates: all of the dates: 1971, 1999
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two coloured photos and one aerial shot of Picketts Wharf area, Kingsport, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "Junais Gerarde - Black Grass at upper edge of marsh, Acadian dyke and Planter dykes. Kingsport, N.S. and Picketts Wharf in lower right." Second photo: "east of Picketts Wharf, old dyke wall with many posts, and intact aboiteau sluice box." Third photo: "at Picketts… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/22
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Power Pole Mollusks: Grand Pre Dykeland Road

Image
Dates: 1994
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Report entitled "Power Pole Mollusks: Grand Pre Dykeland Road" compiled by Sherman Bleakney. Includes a description, observations and a conclusion in a study of mollusks excavated in Grand Pre in 1994. Also includes a chart on the occurrence and relative abundance of mollusks in the power pole pits from May 1994, a list of common names of the mollusks, and a map of where the power poles… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/4
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Proposed enclosures of the Grand Pre dykelands in 1755

Image
Dates: 1998
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Chart of the Proposed Enclosures of the Grand Pre Dykelands in 1755. Length of the new dyke walls, the additional area for each aboiteau and the enclosure numbers are included.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/4
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Reports about Grand Pre dykes

Image
Dates: 1997
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Report entitled "Question re: Grand Pre Dyke Walls" by Sherman Bleakney about the placement and sequence of the extensions of the Acadian dyke walls and aboiteaux from 1682-1755. Includes a description and analysis of the drainage maps and marshland, a "Block by Block Sequence of the Acadian dykes" and a chart on the "Hypothetical Dyking Sequence of Grand Pre by Acadians… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/4
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Ship wreck

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Four photographs of the ship wreck at the entrance to the Wolfville Harbour.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/7
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Shoreline, dykes, aboiteaux and placement of dyke walls and aboiteaux

Image
Dates: 1994 to 1997 (year approximate)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three base maps of the dykes, aboiteaux and shoreline from Wolfville to Grand Pre from 1760 - 1973 altered by Sherman Bleakney. Bleakney has indicated, in colour, the system of dyke walls from 1760-1950. Probably compiled by Sherman between 1994 and 1997.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/004
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: map

Soft clam shells (Mya Arenaria)

Image
Dates: 1985
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Black and white photograph of soft clam shells (Mya Arenaria) in the Wolfville Harbour. Included is the description to the photograph, written by Sherman Bleakney.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/7
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Soil layers (west end of Long Island)

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two colored photographs of soil layers at the west end of Long Island, Grand Pre, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "west end Long Island, black scripus sp. Layer." Second photo: "west end of Long Island, Grand Pre."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

South face of Blomidon

Image
Dates: 1978 (year approximate)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A black and white aerial photograph of the south face of Blomidon. Inscription - "White Water picnic area is just off top of this picture."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Spade catalogues

Image
Dates: 2002
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A selection of spade measurements taken from spades analyzed by Sherman Bleakney. One photo of a spade is included that corresponds with the spade measurements of spade #14. Inscription - "West Hants Sco. Mus. #295 made by Brades and co.*096"
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/11
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Staddle structures

Image
Dates: 1999
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of staddle structures on the Cherry Lane Dyke in Wolfville, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "peculiar "staddle" structure 9x18 - Johnston Farm - Town plot in background." Second photo: "mortice and teron brace, with peg hole. Post 5x5, hole 1." Third photo: "top of center side post, peculiar "staddle" on Cherry Lane Dyke."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Staddle structures

Image
Dates: 2008
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of staddle structures on the Cherry Lane Dyke in Wolfville, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "1st square 5x5 post staddle found last year, 9x18." Second photo: "9x18 of 5x5 posts." Third photo: "1st staddle base of the type found last year, all pre-fabricated mortice tenon and dowelling construction."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Staddle structures

Image
Dates: 2001
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three coloured photos of staddle structures from the Cherry Lane Dyke in Wolfville, N.S. Inscriptions - First photo: "Levering out staddle post with pry bar and chain were 5 feet under, 2 feet out." Second photo: "Cherry Lane tidal marsh." Third photo: "staddle post - was buried in 24-25 inches, 5 feet high originally, now buried 3 feet more by rising marsh levels (100… more
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/20
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Staddles along the Cornwallis River

Image
Dates: unspecified year in 199X (year uncertain)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Aerial photograph with markings to indicate where 24 staddles along the Cornwallis River are located.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/009
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Staddles in Canard and in Yarmouth County

Image
Dates: unspecified year in 199X (year uncertain)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Diagram of a staddle from Yarmouth County and a photograph of a staddle with tidal marsh hay sitting on it at the Canard Dyke, Nova Scotia.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/009
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Starrs Point

Image
Dates: 1978
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Two coloured aerial photographs of Starrs Point. Inscription - "Straight track is route out following ebb tide. Dark spots Ascopyllum Weed on surface of 40 rod rock. Meandering track is route back on the floodtide. Acadia University biology students research area, Starrs Point."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/2
Type: photograph

Starrs Point

Image
Dates: 1931 (year approximate)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Three black and white aerial photographs of Starrs Point.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/2
Type: photograph

Starrs Point

Image
Dates: 1978
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A colored aerial photograph of Starrs Point. Inscription - "Town plot site; note sandstone outcrop where ships docked."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/2
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Studying the shipwreck

Image
Dates: 2000
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Six photographs of a crew conducting a study of the shipwreck at the Wolfville Harbour.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/7
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Sunken forests in Avonport

Image
Dates: 1920 (year uncertain)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Four photos from fieldtrips to Sunken Forest in Avonport. Beach shore, sediment layers, cliffs, and students (male and female) with an old, preserved stump are shown.
Accession Number: 1990.005-BLE/7
Type: photograph

The human response to those 50 foot tides

Image
Dates: unspecified decade in 19XX
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: Report entitled "Interpretive Panel #4: The Human Response to Those 50 Foot Tides." Includes a description of how the tides created opportunities for farmers, fishermen and shipbuilders. Also includes a descriptions of: the map of Shad migration, the photos of fishing nets and the graph of fish stocks (all included in this document).
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/1
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Tidal fishing nets

Image
Dates: unspecified decade in 19XX
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: First photo shows shad fishing nets in the Minas Basin. Second photo shows shad fishing in Upper Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. Inscriptions - First photo: "Another view of horse and wagon fishing at Minudie, Upper Cumberland, bear Amherst" Second photo: "Shad fishing, Minas Basin, Nova Scotia circa 19190-15 Note: holding Sturgeon, A.L. Hardy photo"
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/1
Creator: Hardy, Amos Lawson, 1860-1935
Type: photograph

Tidal marsh flora in the Minas Basin

Image
Dates: unspecified year in 199X (year uncertain)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: List of tidal marsh flora in the Minas Basin and their scientific names. Includes two pages of corresponding drawings of the flora.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/009
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

View from Blomidon to Delhaven

Image
Dates: 1978
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A colored aerial photograph of view from Blomidon to Delhaven from a 2000' altitude, showing Luminaria beds.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

White Waters stream in Blomidon Provincial Park

Image
Dates: 1978 (year approximate)
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A black and white aerial photograph of the White Waters stream in Blomidon Provincial Park.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/12
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph

Wolfville Harbour area

Image
Dates: unspecified decade in 19XX
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A black and white aerial photo possibly of the Wolfville Harbour area.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/16
Type: photograph

Wolfville riverbank and shipwreck

Image
Dates: 2001
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A hand written description of the Wolfville riverbank and the Wolfville shipwreck.
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/7
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: textual record

Wood axe chips, roots, old marsh deposits in Grand Pre

Image
Dates: 2001
Collection: Sherman Bleakney
Description: A coloured photo taken at Grand Pre of wood axe chips, roots, old marsh deposits. Inscription: "from eroded shoreline of Palmeter dyke just west of Guzzle in area of hand cut sod dyke remnants. 1. wood axe chips - in a layer 2. Rosa roots/rhizonaes from grey clay layer beneath old marsh deposits, upland layer."
Accession Number: 2004.039-BLE/23
Creator: Bleakney, John Sherman, 1928-2019
Type: photograph